Great Lakes Station Climatologies

The description of the typical climate of a particular place, its climatology, is based on observations collected by local weather stations over many years. In partnership with the Office of the State Climatologist, GLISA developed summaries of this information for selected sites across the Great Lakes region. Each summary includes an overview of the climate along with relevant data and graphs. These summaries can help guide local-level climate adaptation decisions.

Click the icons on the map above or use the links below to access the climatologies for the locations shown. Climatologies are in PDF format and require Adobe Acrobat Reader to view. For further inquiries and to provide feedback, please contact us at GLISA-info@umich.edu.

Station Locations

 

Adrian, MI

Adrian's climate is mostly continental, driven by the movement of pressure systems across the continent. Prevailing westerly winds deliver some lake effect precipitation to the area, but it is essentially limited to increased cloudiness during the late fall and early winter. See full description » Get daily data »

Ann Arbor, MI

Ann Arbor's climate is mostly continental, driven by the movement of pressure systems across the continent. It is characterized by larger temperature ranges than areas closer to the Great Lakes which have moderated temperatures. See full desription » Get daily data »

Buffalo, NY

The region around Buffalo experiences a fairly humid, continental climate that is strongly modified Lake Erie and Lake Ontario. Buffalo receives significant snowfall during the winter months, and snow covers the ground for most of the time from December into early March. See full description » Get daily data »

Cheboygan, MI

The effect of Lake Huron on Cheboygan's climate is particularly strong during periods of easterly to northeasterly winds. Under these conditions, the long trajectory of the air over Lake Huron gives Cheboygan cooler summer temperatures, while increased snow shower activity may accompany the milder fall and early winter temperatures. See full description » Get daily data»

East Tawas, MI

The effect of Lake Huron on East Tawas's climate is particularly strong during periods of easterly to northeasterly winds. Under these conditions, the long trajectory of the air over Lake Huron gives East Tawas cooler summer temperatures, while increased snow shower activity may accompany the milder fall and early winter temperatures. See full description » Get daily data»

Findlay, OH

The day-to-day weather of Findlay is driven primarily by the movement of high and low pressure systems across the nation. Consequently, this area seldom experiences prolonged periods of extreme heat or cold, though hot and humid days are more frequent than more northern locations in the region. Precipitation typically peaks in the late spring and early summer. See full description » Get daily data »

Flint, MI

Flint experiences a continental type of climate characterized by larger temperature ranges than in areas at the same latitude near the Great Lakes which have moderated temperatures. Summers are warm and humid. Winters are cold and snowy. See full description » Get daily data »

Gaylord, MI

Gaylord experiences a primarily continental type of climate characterized by larger temperature ranges than in areas at the same latitude near the Great Lakes which have moderated temperatures. Large amounts winter snowfall are common. See full description » Get daily data »

Grand Rapids, MI

Grand Rapids has a predominantly humid continental climate, with very warm and humid summers, and cold and snowy winters. The area often receives sudden lake-effect snowstorms that produce significant snowfall. See full description » Get daily data »

Green Bay, WI

Green Bay has a humid continental climate. Despite its position on Lake Michigan, it is somewhat shielded from lake effects by the Door Peninsula and experiences only slight moderation in temperature. See full description » Get daily data »

Ironwood, MI

Ironwood is on the west edge of the Lake Superior "snowbelt" which extends northeastward along the center ridge of the Keweenaw Peninsula.  This ridge, which rises quite abruptly as much as 1200 feet above Lake Superior, has a strong influence on the development of the heavy snow squalls observed during the winter months. See full description » Get daily data »

Marquette, MI

As is true for most of the Upper Peninsula of Michigan, Winters in Marquette tend to be long, cold, and snowy. Lake Superior does, however, moderate temperatures in the area. See full description » Get daily data »

Muskegon, MI

Prevailing westerly winds, in combination with Lake Michigan to the west, produce strong lake effects. The lake effect increases cloudiness and snowfall during the fall and winter, and moderates the temperature throughout most of the year. This modification of the climate is partially responsible for the diversified agriculture carried on in western Michigan. See full description » Get daily data »

North Bay, ON

The largely continental climate in North Bay is common to most places in Northern Ontario, though North Bay tends to be a less humid climate than that found in Southern Ontario since it is more distant from the Great Lakes and it tends to be cooler than other locations in Northern Ontario due to its close proximity to Lake Nipissing. See full description » Get daily data »

Oberlin, OH

Oberlin’s climate is primarily continental, characterized by larger temperature ranges than in areas at the same latitude near the Great Lakes which have moderated temperatures. Oberlin does however, reside in the snowbelt of northern Ohio and can experience significant lake-effect snow. See full description » Get daily data »

Racine, WI

Racine’s climate is strongly influenced by Lake Michigan when winds are out of the east. Under these conditions, cooler air from Lake Michigan brings Racine mild summer temperatures, while increased precipitation may accompany the warmer fall and early winter temperatures. See full description » Get daily data »

Sault Ste Marie, MI

Winters in Sault Ste. Marie tend to be long, cold, and snowy, and because of its northern latitude, it receives roughly 8 hours of sunlight per day during the winter. Its close proximity to Lake Huron and Lake Superior does, however, moderate temperatures. See full description » Get daily data »

Tiffin, OH

The weather in Tiffin is driven primarily by the movement of high and low pressure systems across the nation. Consequently, this area seldom experiences prolonged periods of extreme heat or cold, though hot and humid days are more frequent than more northern locations in the region. Precipitation peaks slightly in the late spring and early summer. See full description » Get daily data »

Traverse City, MI

Lake Michigan and Grand Traverse Bay strongly temper and moderate the climate of Traverse City. As a result, the area typically experiences warm, cooler temperatures during the late spring and early summer, and warmer temperatures during the late fall and early winter. In the late winter, as ice builds up on Grand Traverse Bay and Lake Michigan, Traverse City experiences larger temperature variations similar to those seen at inland locations. See full description » Get daily data »

Wauseon, OH

As a result of the prevailing westerly winds, Wauseon does experience some lake effect. However, this is minimal and essentially limited to increased cloudiness during the late fall and early winter. The continental type of climate of Wauseon is characterized by larger temperature ranges than in areas at the same latitude near the Great Lakes which have moderated temperatures. See full description » Get daily data »

Windsor, ON

Windsor is the most humid city in Southern Ontario and sees four distinct seasons marked by warm summers and cold, wet winters. Situated at a similar latitude as Northern California, the average daily temperature reaches above 50°F more than 200 days of the year. See full description » Get daily data »

The resources presented here were developed in cooperation with the Office of the Michigan State Climatologist using data from the National Climatic Data Center. For more information regarding our data sources, quality control, and methodology, please see our Historical Climatologies: Quality Control reference guide.